When you outline your essay’s topic sentences in the special way I’ll teach you, the idea level of your essay will not only be clearly organized, but it will also entice readers into reading the body paragraphs of your essay, as well.
Here’s the deal—The key ingredients for topic sentences are keywords, and there are two kinds:
1. CORE KEYWORDS, which are the main ideas in your thesis
2. Newness Keywords, which link your stories, examples, and reasoning support to your CORE KEYWORDS
Identify CORE KEYWORDS
For instance, suppose you’re writing an essay about salads.
You start off saying how most people love salads, and so do you. And, like most people, you like all kinds of salads, even fruit salads. But you’re different in that you can’t stand fruit salads with apples, bananas, or pears in them.
So here’s your thesis (CORE KEYWORDS are CAPITALIZED):
Like most people, I love salads, even FRUIT SALADS, but I just CAN’T STAND FRUIT SALADS with APPLES or BANANAS or PEARS.
Here’s a topic sentence for the first body paragraph to go with that thesis:
I just CAN’T STAND APPLES in FRUIT SALADS.
Though the topic sentence does link back to the thesis with CORE KEYWORDS, that’s a pretty dull topic sentence, isn’t it? Can you see why? Think about it for a moment. Something is dull and boring whennnnnnnn—can you think of when?
Okay, here it is—something is dull, boring, and uninteresting when there is nothing new in it (you knew that, right?). There’s nothing new in that topic sentence—it has already been stated in the thesis. It has no Newness Keywords to make readers curious about what’s next.
Create General Newness Keywords
To provide interest to CORE KEYWORDS and the main idea in your thesis, you add Newness Keywords.
Newness Keywords are generalities—that is, they are just a bit more general than the specifics of the stories, examples, or reasoning they introduce in their paragraph—and they usually summarize the paragraph. The following two sentences are preferred alternates to that deadly dull topic sentence above, and they illustrate some general Newness Keywords (italicized):
I just can’t stand apples in fruit salads—not red ones, anyway.
I just can’t stand apples in fruit salads because of some very bad experiences I had with apples in different foods. reddit essay writing service
You can see that by adding some general information as Newness Keywords you are telling your reader what kind of details are coming up in the paragraph. The first example indicates that the paragraph will tell something about “not red ones;” it may seem specific, but it’s not too specific, since we don’t know which “red ones” are being referred to or why.
The second example suggests you will reveal those “bad experiences” that have made you dislike apples in fruit salads. But, again, we don’t know which specific “bad experiences,” so it’s a generality. Those Newness Keywords make those topic sentences more interesting because they entice readers into wanting to read on and find out the specifics, the interesting details.
Newness Keywords are the secret sauce that appeal to your reader’s curiosity.
Combine CORE and Newness Keywords in Topic Sentences
When you combine Newness Keywords with CORE KEYWORDS in a topic sentence, you connect with the main idea of the thesis, and you hint at interesting details to come in the following paragraph, as you’ll see in the following three examples.
Example #1. Here’s a thesis supported with an outline of topic sentences. The outline shows the use of specific CORE KEYWORDS (CAPITALIZED) and general Newness Keywords(italicized):
After my parents’ DIVORCE, I actually GREW CLOSER to MY ABSENT FATHER in EMOTIONAL, SOCIAL, and FINANCIAL WAYS.
Outline of Topic Sentences That Entice Readers
Despite the DIVORCE, I’ve GROWN EMOTIONALLY CLOSER to MY FATHER because now he lets me talk to him about important things, like boys.